The Tea Party and Property Rights Activists: Pushing Back Against Agenda 21 and Sustainable Communities Planning
Presentation by UCTC Assistant Director Karen Frick
Monday, December 2, 3:30-5:00 PM
UCLA Lewis Center and Institute of Transportation Studies
Public Affairs Building, Room 2343
The Tea Party exploded on the U.S. scene after President Obama’s 2008 election, and its role in national politics has been well researched. Less studied is the fierce opposition Tea Party and property rights advocates have directed at local and regional sustainability planning efforts. Some perceive that this planning reacts to the United Nation’s 1992 document called “Agenda 21: the Rio Declaration on Development and Environment”. The Tea Party and property rights advocates suggest that the U.N. seeks to restrict individual property rights on how citizens may develop land and live. Karen Frick will present research findings from her comparative case analysis of regional planning efforts in the San Francisco Bay Area and Atlanta, examining participants’ motivations, their use of the web and social media to communicate, organize, market their cause and refine their strategies, as well as planners’ responses and impacts on practice.
Benefit Cost Analysis Applied to Behavioral and Engineering Safety Countermeasures in San Francisco, California
Friday, December 13, noon to 1
SafeTREC-UCTC 2nd Floor Conference Room, 2614 Dwight Way
Presentation by Ryan Greene-Roesel, Senior Transportation Planner at the San Francisco County Transportation Authority
The state of the practice in safety has advanced rapidly in recent years with the emergence of new tools and processes for improving selection of the most cost-effective safety countermeasures. However, many challenges prevent fair and objective comparisons of countermeasures applied across safety disciplines (e.g. engineering, emergency services, and behavioral measures). These countermeasures operate at different spatial scales, are funded often by different financial sources and agencies, and have associated costs and benefits that are difficult to estimate.
This research proposes a methodology by which both behavioral and engineering safety investments are considered and compared in a specific local context. The methodology involves a multi-stage process that enables the analyst to select countermeasures that yield high benefits to costs, are targeted for a particular project, and that may involve costs and benefits that accrue over varying spatial and temporal scales.
The methodology is illustrated using a case study from the Geary Boulevard Corridor in San Francisco, California. The case study illustrates that: 1) The methodology enables the identification and assessment of a wide range of safety investment types at the project level; 2) The nature of crash histories lend themselves to the selection of both behavioral and engineering investments, requiring cooperation across agencies; and 3) The results of the cost-benefit analysis are highly sensitive to cost and benefit assumptions, and thus listing and justification of all assumptions is required. It is recommended that a sensitivity analyses be conducted when there is large uncertainty surrounding cost and benefit assumptions.
Ryan Greene-Roesel is a Senior Transportation Planner at the San Francisco County Transportation Authority with experience in performance measurement and policy analysis applied to road safety. She was the lead researcher for NCHRP 17-46, A Comprehensive Analysis Framework for Safety Investment Decisions, which involved developing methods to compare engineering, enforcement, and education-based safety strategies. She formerly worked at Cambridge Systematics and at SafeTREC, where she helped author a guidebook for Caltrans on measuring pedestrian exposure to collisions.
Crash Rates and Risks: the Roles of Vehicle Design, Driver Habits and Demographics
Friday, Nov. 22 noon- 1pm
Presented by Dr. Kara Kockelman
E.P. Schoch Professor of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin
Traffic fatalities are responsible for 1.3 million deaths annually, worldwide, and 16 percent of all Americans dying between the ages of 1-44. Crash rates and consequences can be examined from multiple perspectives, reflecting characteristics of the drivers and passengers, their vehicles, home locations and crash settings. This presentation focuses on crash risks and injury severities as a function of driver and vehicle characteristics and other factors. For example, heteroscedastic ordered probit models distinguish the effects of vehicle weight, footprint and height on the severity of injuries sustained by vehicle occupants in the US General Estimates Systems data sets (while controlling for many additional attributes). A survey of over 1,000 Americans was employed to analyze the impact of driving habits and distances, citation histories, vehicle ownership and demographics on crash histories and risk. Lastly, data on the 240 respondents who currently ride or have ridden a motorcycle allow one to analyze the relationship between rider training and riding frequency on regular helmet use and set the stage for a holistic cost-benefit analysis of motorcycling, to examine tradeoffs in safety, emissions, fuel use and vehicle costs.
Dr. Kockelman is E.P. Schoch Professor of Civil, Architectural & Environmental Engineering at the University of Texas at Austin and a registered professional engineer, She holds a PhD, MS, & BS in civil engineering, a Masters of City Planning and a minor in economics from the University of California at Berkeley. Dr. Kockelman’s papers (as pre-prints) and curriculum vitae can be found at http://www.caee.utexas.edu/prof/kockelman/home.html.